Guest Post: How to write a Master’s thesis

Recently, I handed in my master’s thesis for the degree of a Master of Arts. During that time, I had a lot of problems going on, most of a personal nature, but also others that you are all aware of, namely, the pandemic. Then, next to personal and public issues, there is the academic process of writing a thesis of 80 pages. All three of those areas in your life come together in a tangled mess when you begin preparing for your thesis project. In order to maximize the success of your project, I’d like to suggest a few guidelines, based on my experience and that of my fellow students.

Before you start:

1. If possible, pick a topic you like.

Choosing to write about a topic you hate will make the thesis absolute torture because there is little to be motivated for. However, writing about something you really love bears the risk of losing critical distance and simply praising everything, which is not what the thesis is supposed to be. Attempt to find a balance between enjoyment and critical distance.

2. Be in close contact with your advisor.

Not only will you not run the risk of failing because you worked completely against your advisor’s ideas, but you will (hopefully) receive useful guidance and support. I am a bit spoiled because the professor who supervised my thesis is completely awesome and has listened to me crying and worrying a lot. If you do not have that kind of personal relationship with your advisor, it is still central that you listen to what they have to say about your plans. If you are very unhappy with their ideas for your thesis (for instance because they want you to completely overthrow the structure you envisioned), then you are within your rights to defend your viewpoint. If you like your ideas, defend them.

3. Find a support group of like-minded students.

Especially now in pandemic times, it is hard to come into contact with fellow students, but I cannot stress how useful it is to have a small group of people who study the same thing you do. They will have an informed opinion on your ideas for a thesis, so you can use them as a sound board for things you are not ready to talk to your advisor about. They can proofread stuff for you and help you when you feel stuck. And, most importantly, they will remind you that you are not alone. I felt immensely comforted by our little support group that met (and still meets) once a week via Skype to talk over issues each one had or currently has with their theses.

4. Prepare as much as possible before the official registration date.

I don’t know how it works at other universities, but I was able to do a lot of the reading and research before I ever registered my thesis officially, and it was a good thing, too. I changed my focus a few times, so that I continually needed new literature, not to mention the fact that the library closed during the first shutdown, so that I couldn’t get my hands on a book I needed very badly. If you take care of as many problems as possible before your official time frame begins, you will have less to worry about.

5. Know if you are ready to register.

This goes not just for your research process and how certain you feel that your topic is the right one, but it also concerns how prepared you feel for this challenge in general. If you are not ready, but you register your thesis anyway simply because you think you need to, it could end very badly. I registered too early, and the first month I spent with nothing but panicking and having a few nervous breakdowns. I was prepared enough academically, but not emotionally, as spiritualistic as that may sound. Your state of mind needs to be the right one, as my advisor explained to me: commit to the thesis. Be a thesis-writer.

During your writing process:

1. Find a working rhythm that works for you.

If that rhythm is to write 8 pages one day and then do nothing for the next three, that is fine because it keeps you going. Do not force a rhythm on yourself that doesn’t make you feel productive because you will lose motivation. If you set yourself the goal to get up every morning at 6am because you feel you should, but usually you get up at 10am, you won’t manage 6am and then become frustrated. Work with your own rhythm, not against it.

2. Adopt a steady work ethic.

Once you have found your rhythm, stick to it. Do not let it slide for more than five days at a time, because you might fall out of rhythm and it will be hard to get back into it. Do not simply rely on motivation to keep you going. Sometimes you will find no motivation, but you need to keep going regardless. Adhere to the rhythm you have established for yourself and pull through.

3. Create a focused work space.

Put your phone on silent and tape off the time display on your computer screen—when you’re wired in, you don’t need to answer messages or check to see what time it is. If you have appointments you need to keep, you can set yourself an alarm that will remind you. You will benefit immensely from disabling as many distractions as possible.

4. Do not read all of the literature at once.

I cannot stress the importance of this method enough. Sort your secondary texts according to the chapters for which you need them. Read the literature for one chapter, write that chapter, read the literature for the next chapter, write the next chapter, and so on and so forth. I had over 90 secondary sources, and it loomed over me like a mountain that I felt completely unable and unprepared to climb, a feeling that majorly contributed to my panic during the first month. Then, a friend of mine told me to sort the literature and work my way through it one chapter at a time, and it was the decisive piece of advice that got me through the thesis. If you divide the huge mountain of literature into discrete piles, it does not seem so imposing anymore.

5. Work on the list of references as you go along.

While we are on the subject of secondary literature: putting together a list of over 90 sources the day before you hand in is a lot of unnecessary anxiety. Put every piece of literature you have read on the list and immediately format it correctly according to the MLA guidelines or whatever guideline you are using. Later, in the penultimate step of proofreading your thesis, check to see if every work on your list of references has actually been quoted in the text you wrote. It happens that you cross something out that has ceased to be relevant for your argument and you don’t notice that you have removed a quote from a secondary literature text, so you forget to take it off the works cited list. Even if you work with a citation program (e.g. Zotero), you should not skip this step.

6. Save at least five copies in different places.

Make sure to include both clouds and hard drives. Not only does that mean you are prepared for your computer crashing and any other eventuality, but it will make you feel very safe. Not only should you continually save copies of your thesis as you go along, but save all of your digital material (notes, literature, preliminary drafts etc.), from the very first word you type. If anything happens, if your computer crashes, if you accidently pour coffee on it, if—God forbid—someone hacks you and you can’t access your files, you will NEED these safety copies. Trust me, it will make you feel very comfortable knowing that nothing can get lost because you saved it all.

7. Believe in your abilities.

There will come a point in the process where you lose all faith, in yourself, in your topic, in your argument. It will all seem ridiculous and arbitrary and you won’t want to do it anymore. In marathons, this state of mind is called “hitting the wall.” When you have reached this point (and you might reach it several times), it is important that you keep going and remember that yes, you can do it. You’ve come this far, so there must be something about you that has made it possible.

After your writing process:

1. Get a certain number of people to proofread your thesis.

Delegate what their job is supposed to be: one for grammar, one for typos, one for formatting, several for content and so on. Having more than one person on content proofreading is important because the content is the key piece of this thesis. Grammar and format can be perfect, but if your argument makes no sense you haven’t won anything. That is also why the support group of students is important: their input will help you immensely.

2. Do not get too many proofreaders!

Too many opinions can confuse you, so you need to choose a few people whose opinion you trust. Also, you need to be able to tell apart which points of criticism of your thesis are valid and important for you, and which are merely fine-tuning or concerning your style of writing. Do not incorporate every single point of criticism given to you. Not only will it drive you crazy, it will also take your thesis away from you. Your ideas need to stay your own, so do not let criticism water them down.

3. Save enough time for proofreading.

Leave yourself and your selection of proofreaders at least a week for reading the whole thing. If you rush through it, the risk of overlooking mistakes is too big.

4. Check the formatting at the very end.

The last step of proofreading, after all of the input from others has been incorporated and you have checked to see whether everything you cited is in proper formatting, cited correctly, and has found its way onto the list of references, you look at every page one last time to look for formatting glitches. Doing that earlier is pointless because changing the content changes the format, so you would need to check everything several times. Once the content is absolutely set, ideally the night before you need to hand it in, sit yourself down one last time and go over every page carefully to see if the format is correct, if every paragraph is indented and every chapter title is the correct font and if your text program has glitched anywhere.

Miri

Guest Blogger: Miri

Follow Miri on Instagram: @miri_mh8

3 Things I do to avoid Lockdown blues

Hey my loves,

I don’t know about you but I am so over this whole pandemic life. I literally just want to go outside and do something fun with my friends and have a nice little holiday. But, that seems so out of reach and to avoid getting to sad or depressed about the situation I have found a few things I like to do to feel like I am doing something. Obviously it is so important to social distance and follow the rules that apply in your country, but these are things I am pretty sure you are allowed to do nearly everywhere.

No.1 : Make sure to have a routine.

Mindsets, habits and routines are the building blocks for success toward your wellness goals.

In the beginning of this pandemic I thought why have a set routine it does not matter. Well, let me tell you: It sure does. Having a set routine changed my whole mindset and made me realize that I can keep busy while social distancing and having everything that is somewhat fun closed. I even wrote a little entry a while ago, so make sure to check it out: Getting back into a routine during Lockdown

A routine is different for everybody. You have to find what works for your lifestyle. Ask yourself these questions:

  • What do I want to achieve with my routine?
  • When do I have time for this routine or is my routine a time management skill?
  • Is my routine the same every day?
  • Why is it important to me to have a set routine?
  • What is my lifestyle? Are you working from home? Are you a student?

As soon as you get answers to these questions you can start to create your routine. For me, my routine changes throughout the week and months. For instance, I recently started a new job, am writing a paper and am on my semester break for at least five more weeks. On the days I work from home I like to give myself a little around an hour to get ready, set everything up and eat breakfast. On days I go into the office I get up, get ready and eat all in around 30 to 45 minutes, just because I like being ready and out faster. On days I do not work I like to sleep a little bit longer and take an hour to an hour and a half to myself in the morning. I do little chores right away in the morning and make sure to check of any to do’s that involve my apartment. I also use the off-days to write a blog entry and mostly I use my days of to work for my paper. Sundays are my free time day, if I have something I need to get done I’ll do it, but if it can wait until Monday than I won’t. I let myself sleep in, go for a walk, self care and watch movies.

No.2 : Learn something new.

Learning is forging new connections. Every time you learn something new, your brain physically changes.

Dr. Joe Dispenza

I love to learn and I love to educate myself on new topics. In the beginning of the pandemic I made it a goal of mine to learn a lot about the field I want to work in as well as use every opportunity my Uni offers which help me add more skills to my CV. I recently visited a Workshop about intercultural project management and it was not just fun but also so informative. I can highlight recommend doing this. Find something to do that is new and exciting to you, there are so many offers online that are free.

For example, if you like to learn more about marketing Google offers a great free program: Basics of Online Marketing

Here you can even get a certificate at the end which you could add to your CV. But mostly I would look what your university offers, those are mostly included and are free too.

No. 3: Go for walks.

Some beautiful paths can’t be discovered without getting lost.

Erol Ozan

With gyms mostly closed and home workouts getting boring I love to go for a walk with a friend (where I live we are allowed to see one person that does not live in the same household). And let me tell you, fresh air and sun on your skin feels so good, especially when you’ve been inside most of the day.

A couple of days I went on a 7km walk with a friend. We went to a walking trail not too far from where I live and it was such a beautiful day. I had muscle pain the next day but it was definitely worth it. I had so much fun and we were able to catch up a lot. It’s also super nice just to explore parts of your own city. You can always google or ask friends and family for recommendations or just start walking and see where you end up.

What are you doing to keep yourself busy? Do you have any new things you are doing now? I would love to connect with you and chat.

I hope you all have a wonderful weekend!

XoXo, Jasmin.

Things I want to achieve in 2021

Hey my loves,

In today’s blog post I am going to talk a little bit about what I want to achieve in 2021. At the end of 2020 I was thinking about a new years resolution list, you know a typical thing. But, because of how awfully wrong everything went in 2020 and especially with everything that was on my list for 2020 I decided I am going to do a list of things I want to achieve that were out of context with the pandemic and would not rely on my leaving my apartment (even though travel and more dating will always be on the list when this whole thing is over). 

So I started making a small but impactful list that would set my mindset for 2021. These are all things I hopefully can achieve and that will enrich my life.

I want to finish all of my exams for my master degree.

I have two papers left and one oral exam before I start writing my master thesis. My plan is currently to write one paper this winter term and then one paper in summer, as well as take the oral exam in my summer term. Hopefully it all works out, so that I can start working on my thesis around October 2021.

I want to read more books.

Especially, I want to read more books in the field I want to work in. I love to educate myself further besides my studies, especially because I want to end up working in the field of marketing. So for this winter break I researched some books of which I want to read at least 2 to 3 and educate myself further on topics of marketing, content marketing, social media marketing and writing.

I want to be better organized and all in all cleaner in my way of living.

Now, that I have a bigger space and enough storage space I want to keep everything organized, clean and in place. I am trying to tidy a bit everyday and have a cleaning schedule that I like to follow as best as I can.

I want to include better and healthier foods into my eating habits.

With lockdown and the move I had been eating pretty crappy and irregular the past couple of months. And I also got so lazy when it got to cooking. In the beginning of my move I did not have a working stove for almost two weeks so I had to order so much food. As of the end of January I am back on my grind with eating low-carb and a lot of veggies. I feel so much more energized and motivated, its so crazy how food has an effect on your mood.

All in all it might not seem much, but I personally think a smaller list is always better. You can much rather add things along the way instead of not feeling the high of ticking something of it.

What are some of your goals you want to achieve this year? Let me know.

I hope you are all happy, healthy and excited for your goals of 2021.

XoXo, Jasmin.

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How to deal with stress during an online semester

Hey my loves,

the entire world is still dealing with this pandemic and while everyone’s life has been influenced by it, one that has influenced me the most is the shift in how my College deals with it. It is now my second semester with just online classes and I don’t know about you, but I find online semesters a lot more stressful. While I do think it is necessary to deal with this pandemic accordingly, and I am for online classes, I do feel like some of the lecturers, as the students, are overwhelmed with the situation and how to deal with it.

But, why?

First of all, a lot of the work lays with us, the students. If the lecturer decides to do an asynchron class, which means no video calls or uploaded video presentation, we have to do a lot of work to show that we do something for this class and did enough to gain the credit points. But even if the class is synchron, which means you have video calls or chats each week at the same time, you have to do a lot more than usually. Or at least, it feels like it. For a lot of students, even me, this means more stress and a lot of planning. And for a lot of students this is hard, because they do not know how to plan everything right.

I currently have nine classes, two are for my electives, which means I have seven classes for my major. I plan on writing two papers and take one oral exam, the rest of the classes I am doing for the credit points. This is a lot for a semester and I know that, but I have reasons for this. I am a semester away from starting my master thesis and I want to give myself enough time and space to do it right, which is why I want to have a pretty full semester now. I could have done it differently, but I personally am pretty organized and have found ways to deal with the stress.

Here’s how to deal with stress during an online semester

Almost everything will work again if you unplug it for a few minutes, including you.

Plan everything out

I personally find it very helpful to have a weekly to do list. I like to write my task for each individual class with deadlines down and add things like home stuff to have an overall view. I also like to assign time slots in my calendar to the individual tasks. I plan the synchron classes and the asynchron classes the same, if I have a time slot free between classes where a asynchron class is assigned I will use this time to take a break but also to start the work for the asynchron class. It’s also a great feeling to tick off the to do list. Sometimes it gets overwhelming to see what you have to do in a week, so I like to make sure to categorize them in order of importance. Under each class I put the thing I definitely have to do and which needs the most time and then move forward to the next thing.

Take breaks

Breaks are very important especially when your doing all the work from home. In between classes I have around thirty minutes that I usually spent snacking, watching YouTube, shake my legs or do something at home that does not involve College work. I also make sure to have a lunch break around the same time every day that way I keep a routine down. For more about my daily routine, check out my blog entry from the other day:

It’s okay to ask for an extension

This is a difficult time and it is a stressful time, which is why a lot of lecturers a willing to give some extra time on your hand-ins and exercises. Just be truthful. It happens to the best of us. Accepting that you cannot do it all is sometimes the only way to accept the stress and deal with it properly. But, if you have a good plan and stick to it, it won’t be often that you will have to ask for more time.

Make sure to eat right

It sounds stupid, right? But, I have found that if you take time out of your day to prepare a whole meal and a healthy one at that it helps with keeping up your stamina. I like to eat at least two times a time a meal with vegetables or fruit. Meals and snacks that are well balanced keep your mind sharp and your energy level highs. Try to avoid highly processed food and too much sugar, I also found that I like to keep my caffeine intake low. If I do drink a coffee I like to keep the number at one.

Set boundaries

It is so easy to just keep working into the late hours, but a good night sleep is very important in stressful times. I personally do not work longer than around 7 pm. Everything over that just keeps me up at night. Sometimes, especially when you have something due, it can be difficult to stick to this timeframe, but for most days of the week I like to make sure that around 7 pm I am closing my laptop.

Do something besides College work

If you have a lot to do it is hard to find time to do something other than your College duties, but it is so important to make some time for family or friends or a hobby. I personally like to go for a walk or meet up with a friend to cook and watch a movie. But, whatever works for you is the best. I would suggest doing something physical, because we do tend to sit for a long time.

What do you like to do in stressful times to calm yourself? Let me know in the comments I would love to know.

I wish you all a wonderful day!

XoXo, Jasmin

Getting back into a routine during Lockdown

Hey my loves,

I don’t know about you, but I had enough of this whole pandemic. But what can you do, right? Well, in the past couple of months I have been through all of the emotions. I felt sad, depressed, happy to have some time at home, emotional, blessed that so far, I haven’t gotten the virus and so much more. Especially the first few months were horrible. I am so dependent on seeing my friends, I have to see them at least once a week as well as my granny and all of them I couldn’t see. It was hard, but I got through it. We got through it.

As of Monday, we will go back into a light version of a lockdown, which means again a little more restraint and a lot less contact to people. I am also fully back at Uni (online) and am working (home office), so I spent a lot of time by myself in my apartment. But I’ve gotten a pretty good routine down, I would say. And I think even though we tend to stray from a routine with so much time at home, I truly think having a routine is the best. Especially for people, like me, who struggle.

I have a pretty busy schedule, all in all I have nine courses for Uni, and I work around seven hours, I also visit my grandma once a week to take care of anything she needs and to spend some quality time with her. So, my days a pretty packed, which is why it is important to have a structure.

Here is what I do:

I like to get up one hour or two before my day gets started with work or Uni. If I have gone to bed late or had troubles falling asleep, I sometimes only give myself like 45 minutes to get my day started, but that’s just a personal choice. Do what you prefer and are used to. If I hadn’t showered in the evening, I usually do this first thing in the morning. I don’t know about you, but I just can’t eat right away, especially with being home I don’t feel hungry at all. After some time in the bathroom, where I tend to at least somewhat comb through my hair and sometimes do a little bit of makeup to make myself feel better (all this heat from the radiator is messing with my skin), I like to get dressed in comfy bottoms and a big sweater and some fuzzy socks.

Some of my favorite loungewear items for a cozy work day:*

  1. Ripped PJ’s
  2. Hogwarts Hoodie
  3. Glitter Socks

*Not affiliated. Just recommendations.

One thing I like to do right away getting out of bed is pulling up all the blinds and open my windows to get some fresh air into my apartment. I usually leave it open until I get a bit cold, which is usually around like two to three hours. After my time in the bathroom I go into the kitchen to make myself a hot tea or coffee, whatever I feel like that morning, and I also get some water. If by then I am hungry I will make myself a somewhat big breakfast, since I usually just snack during Lunch (no matter what I eat, warm food or salad, I get sluggish). I’m currently obsessed with cucumber and cream cheese, so I usually snack on that.

I usually have pretty good plan on what I have to do each day and also what I can do each day. Wednesday is my longest Uni day, which is why I usually just take part in the classes and actually use the breaks in between to move around and relax. It’s so important to get some movement in your day if you sit long hours at your desk, like I do. Besides making sure I move around I also like to call my grandma during lunch hours to just chat with her. If the weather allows it, I also like to go for a walk around the neighborhood to get some fresh air.

Something I didn’t do in the first lockdown is something I changed very quickly: I set myself on a time limit. It is so easy to just keep going with work, Uni stuff or something else, but taking time off is equally as important. So, I like to end my workday around 6 or 7 pm, if possible. That way I have enough time to cook and relax and take time for my nighttime skincare routine. It is so important to set yourself boundaries or else you’re constantly working and that is not healthy. It’s good to be productive and active during lockdown, but you cannot forget that this whole situation is still very stressful and emotional. It’s okay to take time for yourself.

Three Tips if you’re feeling stressed:

  1. Get out. Go for a walk. Listen to music or not. And just breathe.
  2. Workout. Something I haven’t been doing as much as I should, but it helps. There are so many great workouts you can do from home now.
  3. Talk to your family and friends about something else but Covid and work. It’s so important to keep up with the people you love when you cannot see them as much.

I also have to admit that my eating habits were so bad in the first lockdown and I felt not only my skin changing, but also my moods. That’s what I probably changed the most: I incorporate a lot of healthier foods and time slots for eating than I did before and I not only have more energy, but I also feel a lot better about myself.

Taking care of myself doesn’t mean “me first.” It means “me, too.” – L.R. Knost

All in all, take each day as it comes. There is no have to or must’s, you can only try to do your best each day. I hope this entry helps you out a little and I am always open to a conversation in the comments or my Instagram direct messages.

I wish you all a wonderful day!

XoXo, Jasmin.